Prevention and Management of Long Term Conditions


Description and Aims

This stream is a response to the challenge of long term conditions to health and health care services.   These conditions include diabetes, cardiovascular disease, asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease, cancer and mental illness.  They commonly occur as multi-morbidities.   The aim is conduct research in the community which informs improvement in health care and programs which aim to prevent and manage these conditions. 

Key Current Research Areas
·         Prevention

The program focuses on improving interventions to address the behavioural risk factors (especially Smoking, Nutrition, Alcohol and Physical activity) as well as physiological risk factors such as obesity and cardiovascular risk in primary health care.  This uses the 5As framework (ask/assess, advise, agree and assist, arrange), approaches tailored to health literacy levels and use of wearable technology and social media. 

·         Management

This program focuses on a patient centred approach based on the Chronic Care model and includes teamwork, information and communication systems (including e-health), self-management support and community resources.  This is the focus of work on diabetes, cardiovascular disease, asthma, COPD, cancer, mental illness and multi-morbidity. 

Key Partners

This research is conducted in partnership with primary health networks and local health districts along with other groups including  Aboriginal Health organisations.

Stream lead

Mark Harris leads the stream.  

Current
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Completed
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Community Nursing SNAP Trial

NSW Health is funding an efficacy trial of SNAP risk factor management in community nursing services. The findings will inform policy and practice for chronic disease prevention in primary health care.

Community perceptions of waterpipe smoking use in the Arabic speaking community in the St George area

This project consists of a rapid realist review of community interventions to address the practice of waterpipe smoking. Information from the review will be used to inform the development of a qualitative research strategy to investigate the practices and perceptions of waterpipe smoking in the Arabic speaking community residing in the St George area. 

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease quality improvement

This report depicts the contribution of primary care to the management of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Diabetes prevention

This study aims to determine within general practice and associated services the feasibility, requirements, barriers and benefits/harms for an intervention to detect impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glycaemia and to provide physical activity and nutrition interventions which aim to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in this group.

Diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea in primary care

This project is aimed to simplify the method for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the primary care setting.

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PhD
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